Despite the fact that Italy is mountainous, Puglia, where the most fertile plains are found, is also home to quite different houses. Trulli Houses attracted attention with their conical roofs, gray stone walls, places that call their name as one of the most important tourist areas of the region. The Alberobello city, which is considered to be the “Trulli Capital”, is almost entirely made up of these houses. More than 400 different designed houses here are not only attracting the attention of travelers. Trulli houses in the region are also recognized as UNESCO World Heritage sites.
It is known that the trullon (trullin is used in plural form) made in the 19th century, known as the gold age of agriculture, was built by workers as temporary shelter or warehouse. In addition, these houses are seen as a great counter-stance against the tax system of the period feudal order.
These conical houses built without mortar by people who do not want to pay tax are both a comfortable shelter and a model for demolishing and remodeling in a possible situation. This construction phase is the most important feature of houses. Because the roof-free and conical structures in the tax system of the period are not counted as housing, they are not included in the obligation to pay taxes. Thanks to the roofs being destroyed during any inspections, the people of the house continue to survive by paying taxes.
These houses, which are located on a karstic land very suitable for erosion, are attracting attention with their cool walls by the walls formed by the rocks. The houses, which are decorated with different symbols such as roofs, astronomical signs, continue to be built today.
Interest in these houses, which are being built for residential or leisure purposes, is increasing day by day, even though this is not a valid reason. Each of the houses that make or sell the interior restorations of their own taste will amaze you.
Trulli houses, which have a distinctive structure, reveal the most popular places in Italy. These gray stone houses with a conical structure are quite common especially around Alberobello, Locorotondo, Fasano, Ostuni, Cisternino, Martina Franca and Cegile Messapica. The name of the dome is derived from the Greek word “Truddu” and changes to “Trulli or Trullo”.
The story of the Trulli Houses, which emerged with a formula found by the people of the region to escape tax policy, is quite interesting. Houses that do not have mortar in their construction can be easily dismantled and destroyed in case of needing any changes. Houses that have been dismantled during tax inspections are exempt from tax due to not having any superstructure. This tradition that started in the 14th century continues today.
The area, which is based on erosion-proof and easy-melting karstic land, is known to open waterways to the Adriatic along with winter rains. The people of the region are forced to find a way of life that is in harmony with the water in these different lands, creating many cisterns. The cistern inside each Trullo is the water source of the house. At the same time, the outer walls are built with the rocks from the excavations. These structures, built without mortar, are able to influence the visitors.
Although the reasons are not certain, Trulli houses, which have been increasing in recent years with an interest in construction, are bought by strangers and restored with different designs. These houses, which have a very different design, become more attractive with the restorations made and continue to be used for residential and holiday purposes. These houses, which are more and more famous for the day, begin to become indispensable for those who want to create their own living space.